Myelomeningocele is a complex genetic defect of the spinal column.
In the case of myelomeningocele during embryogenesis, one or more vertebrae of the spine surrounding the spinal cord drop not converge, but rather remain open.
This development takes place the first three weeks of pregnancy.
This form is milder. In spina bifida only one or two vertebrae are incompletely closed and there is no neural tissue. The spina bifida is not debilitating. It is said that 5-10% of the population may have dyschidi back.
Cystic myelomeningocele is divided into two subcategories: the meningomyelocele and myelomeningocele.
The meningomyelocele usually causes no handicap people.
People who have meningomyelocele, a cyst or hernia containing tissues covering the spinal cord (meninges) and cerebrospinal fluid will be promoted through the vertebrae in the back of the children.
The most common disorders that shows a child with myelomeningocele are:
- Learning difficulties due to possible hydrocephalus.
- Neurogenic bladder – urinary incontinence. The most common type of incontinence in myelomeningocele is Overflow Incontinence.
- Fecal incontinence.
- Paralysis of lower limbs – bed sores.